Latest Results for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery The latest content available from Springer
- Clinical outcome following conservative treatment of 58 mandibular ameloblastoma patients: a retrospective studyon 27/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the surgical outcome of the patients with mandibular ameloblastoma (MA) with intact inferior cortex and the lingual cortex of the mandible, treated with conservative management in the form of enucleation with peripheral ostectomy, mechanical curettage, chemical cauterization, dredging, and marsupialization. The patients were included with the diagnosis of MA between the age group of 14 to 60 years with their computed tomography (CT) scans showing intact inferior cortex and the lingual cortex of the mandibular walls. Out of 96 cases of ameloblastoma, 58 (61%) were in mandible and 38 (39%) cases in maxilla. We analyzed these 58 patients retrospectively which were operated conservatively between January 2009 and December 2018. The treatment protocol for all the solid variants and the unicystic variants with intact buccal, inferior, and the lingual cortex was enucleation with peripheral ostectomy followed by mechanical curettage, chemical cauterization, and subsequent dredging. This was performed in 90% (n = 52) cases, whereas the treatment protocol for unicystic variants with perforated buccal cortex and intact inferior and lingual cortex was marsupialization followed by the enucleation with peripheral ostectomy, mechanical curettage, chemical cauterization, and subsequent dredging which was performed in 10% (n = 6) cases. Chi square test was applied to the effectiveness of conservative management as outcome variable. The new bone formation along with bony trabeculae was found in 96.6% (n = 56) of the cases. Recurrence was noted in 3.44% (n = 2) of the cases. A p value was 0.001, thus suggesting statistically highly significant result. On the basis of present study, though we can conclude that the MA with the intact inferior and the lingual cortex can be managed effectively with conservative treatment with long term regular follow up, still we would caution that the reader must use their best clinical judgement based on latest available data. For some patients, returning to clinic frequently and undergoing multiple minor procedures may not be suitable to be considered the best, whereas resection and reconstruction may be deemed more appropriate.
- Systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the efficacy of dexmedetomidine to midazolam as premedication and a sedative agent in pediatric patients undergoing dental procedureson 27/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Introduction Pediatric dental surgeries are associated with the emotions of fear, anxiety, and other behavioral disturbances of children that need to be managed. Sedation using drugs like dexmedetomidine (DEX) and midazolam (MID) is a common pharmacological behavior managing technique. We conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of both these drugs in current literature. Methodology A thorough literature search was conducted on PubMed, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane’s database for randomized studies that compared sedative efficacy of dexmedetomidine with midazolam in children of 0–15 years of age undergoing dental surgeries. Sedation in children during dental procedure, when used as a premedication, at the time of separation from parents and at the time of mask induction, onset time, duration of anesthesia, and surgery were evaluated. The mean differences (MDs), odds ratio (OR), and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated both for continuous and dichotomous outcome data using random-effects model. Results Seven studies met out inclusion criteria and were analyzed. Results of premedication with DEX was associated with more anxiolysis (OR=0.29, 95% CI: 0.17–0.52, p=0.0001; I2=0%) and at the time of separation from parents (OR=0.36, 95% CI: 0.19–0.69, p=0.002; I2=52%) in comparison to MID. No significant differences in results were seen at mask induction (OR=0.63, 95% CI: 0.34–1.18, p=0.15; I2=47%) and for sedation in children during dental procedures (OR=0.52, 95% CI: 0.07–3.70, p=0.51; I2=72%). Also, there were no significant differences in onset time, duration of anesthesia, and surgery between the two agents. Conclusion DEX proved to be a better premedicant than MID for pediatric patients. No significant difference in efficacy of both sedative agents was observed in children undergoing dental treatment. More clinical trials need to be conducted to see its efficacy in dental surgeries in children of standardized ages and with standard doses.
- The global reach of social media in oral and maxillofacial surgeryon 24/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose Social media use among oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs) has grown in recent years, serving as an important resource for the dissemination of medical/surgical knowledge, research, education, diplomacy, and advocacy. However, no studies have attempted to characterize the global reach of social media in OMS. Methods This study examined the profile activity, content performance, and demographic characteristics of followers from a single OMS-related Instagram account. Variables assessed include the total number of followers since the account’s inception, profile views over the selected time period, and unique media content posts, as well as likes, comments, saves, impressions, and reach for all media content posts. The top 45 countries, cities, and languages based on each follower’s geolocation and user settings were also included. Results There were 9569 followers of which 6208 (64.9%) were listed as public accounts. Of the 6208 followers with public accounts, 2496 (40.2%) were female. The countries with the most followers included the United States (31.7%), India (12.5%), Malaysia (5.3%), Mexico (4.0%), and Pakistan (3.6%). The cities with the most followers included New York, New York (8.9%), Boston, Massachusetts (5.2%), Cairo, Egypt (4.3%), Santiago, Chile (3.7%), and Karachi, Pakistan (3.5%). Conclusion OMS-related social media is uniquely positioned to facilitate global collaboration and augment the dissemination of surgical knowledge and expertise. This information is critical in understanding the distribution and demographics of the OMS workforce, trainees, and affiliates around the world.
- Efficacy of fibrin-rich platelets and leukocytes (L-PRF) in tissue repair in surgical oral procedures in patients using zoledronic acid—case–control studyon 24/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Introduction Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) is a complication that develops in patients who use or have used antiresorptive or antiangiogenic medications for the treatment of bone metabolic disease and bone metastases. Clinically, MRONJ is characterized by the appearance of an inflammation in soft tissues and exposure of necrotic bone tissue in mandible or maxilla, for a period of 8 weeks, in patients with no history of head and neck radiotherapy that were being or are being treated with antiresorptive and/or antiangiogenic agents. The fibrin-rich platelets and leukocytes (L-PRF) membrane has been used as an alternative for MRONJ prevention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of L-PRF in prevention and treatment of bone necrosis. Material and Methods The patients included had MRONJ diagnosis confirmed after clinical and radiographic examination and patients whose only therapeutic option was dental extraction. Results Twenty patients were included in the study and were divided in three groups. Two patients were removed from the study due to previous history of pentoxifylline and tocopherol use. The result of surgical treatment was successful in 57% in group 1 (control/MRONJ prevention), 100% in group 2 (MRONJ prevention), and 80% in group 3 (MRONJ treatment). Conclusion L-PRF is an autologous biomaterial that allows the release of growth factors for a prolonged time, resulting in a better healing, reducing the risk contamination, edema, and postoperative pain, being a great ally in the prevention and treatment of MRONJ because it returns to these patients, mainly quality of life, reducing pain, and recurrent infections commonly seen in the processes of bone necrosis of the jaws.
- A novel atraumatic extraction technique using vestibular socket therapy for immediate implant placement: a randomized controlled clinical trialon 20/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose This randomized controlled clinical trial compared soft tissue changes following a novel vestibular atraumatic extraction technique (test group) versus the conventional incisal atraumatic extraction approach (control group) while implementing the vestibular socket therapy for immediate implant placement. Methods Thirty patients with hopeless maxillary anterior teeth requiring atraumatic extraction were randomly assigned into two equal groups to receive either test or control. Vertical soft tissue alterations in mm were measured at baseline and 12 months post-restoration using intraoral digital scans at three reference points, distal papilla, mid-facial gingival margin, and mesial papilla, as well as pink esthetic scores (PESs) after 12 months. Results Vestibular extraction technique showed significant soft tissue improvement and creeping when compared to incisal extraction (P < 0.05). The test group showed soft tissue measurements with a mean (± SD) of 0.26 (± 0.58), 0.39 (± 0.64), and 0.05 (± 0.37) mm for the mesial papilla, mid-facial gingival margin, and distal papilla respectively. While the incisal extraction technique demonstrated gingival recession at the distal papilla, mid-facial gingival margin, and mesial papilla of − 0.37 (± 0.54) mm, − 0.32 (± 0.68) mm, and − 0.39 (± 0.59) mm respectively. The overall PESs after 12 months were 12.67 (± 1.59) in vestibular extraction group, while incisal extraction group was 11.40 (± 1.40), with significant difference between them (P = 0.03). Conclusion This investigation suggests that both studied techniques were successful in the atraumatic extraction of hopeless severely damaged teeth. The novel vestibular extraction technique might be considered an alternative reliable atraumatic extraction approach compared to the conventional incisal extraction when performing the vestibular socket protocol for immediate implant placement with soft tissue enhancement.
- 5-fluorouacil in the treatment of odontogenic keratocysts—incidence of recurrence and inferior alveolar nerve paresthesia: a systematic reviewon 18/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose To evaluate the recurrence rate of odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) after treatment with 5-fluoracil as an adjunctive therapy and to evaluate, as well, the efficacy of this medication in reducing the incidence of inferior alveolar nerve paresthesia associated with other chemotherapeutic agents. Material and methods The research question (developed according to the patient/population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes [PICO] method) addressed was “Does the use of 5-fluorouracil as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of OKC reduce both the recurrence rate and the incidence of inferior alveolar nerve paresthesia as compared with other chemotherapeutic agents?” A systematic review was performed by searching 4 databases: PubMed, EBSCO, Portal Evidencia, and Cochrane Reviews. Each search was conducted twice. Two independent reviewers evaluated the data. For each database, a search strategy was developed that included the following generic terms: Fluorouracil, 5-Fluorouracil, or liquid nitrogen and odontogenic cyst or odontogenic keratocyst. Three filters were applied to the searches, as well, consisting of the terms clinical trials, English papers, and Spanish papers. Results Of the 74 papers retrieved. The titles and abstracts of the selected papers were reviewed to determine whether those papers were relevant to our research question; only 3 papers were selected for this systematic review: 2 retrospective cohort studies and 1 clinical trial. Assessments risk bias and the quality of evidence were performed. Conclusions The risk of bias and quality of evidence in this systematic review are moderate due to the study’s design, although the clinical results were excellent with respect to the reduction of both OKC recurrence and paresthesia associated with this kind of cyst.
- The epidemiology and management of odontomas: a European multicenter studyon 17/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Introduction Odontoma is the most commonly diagnosed odontogenic tumor of the oral cavity. The objective of the present study was to assess the demographic variables, patterns, diagnostic features, and management issues of odontomas treated at several European departments of maxillofacial and oral surgery. Materials and methods This study was conducted at 8 European departments of oral surgery between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2018. Only patients with odontomas were included. The following data were recorded for each patient: gender, age, comorbidities, site, size of odontomas, radiographic features, type of odontoma, treatment of odontomas, treatment of associated teeth, complications, and recurrence. Results A total of 127 patients (70 male and 57 female patients) with odontomas were included. The mean age was 22 years; 71 odontomas were found in the mandible, whereas 56 in the maxilla. In the mandible, the most frequently involved subsite was the parasymphysis, while in the maxilla, the most common subsite was the upper incisor region. The mean size of included odontomas was 15.3 mm. On the whole, 62 complex odontomas, 50 compound odontomas, and 15 mixed-type odontomas were observed. Complete excision of the odontomas was performed in 121 patients. In 24 patients, the extraction of deciduous teeth was performed, and in 43 patients, one or more permanent teeth were removed. Finally, in 9 patients, a partial excision of the odontoma was performed. Recurrence was observed in 4 cases out of 127 patients. Conclusions Dental practitioners should be aware of the distinct clinical and radiographic features of odontoma in order to perform an appropriate and early diagnosis. Conventional radiography, such as panoramic radiograph, is often sufficient technique for a diagnosis after clinical suspicion or for an incidental diagnosis to prevent later complications, such as impaction or failure of eruption of teeth.
- Assessment of absorbable gelatin sponge for maxillary sinus floor elevation versus anorganic bovine bone minerals: a randomized clinical trialon 13/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose The present study compared the absorbable gelatin sponge as a space-filling material versus anorganic bone bovine mineral (ABBM) in maxillary sinus augmentation with simultaneous endosseous dental implant placement. Methods Eighteen maxillary sinus floor elevation cases were randomly allocated into two groups. The first group received ABBM, while the second group received an absorbable gelatin sponge as a space-filling material. For both groups, CBCT scans were obtained immediately postoperatively and six months later to calculate the difference in sinus floor bone gain. Osstell readings were recorded both at the time of implant placement and implant exposure with a total of twenty-three dental implant placements in relation to the eighteen elevated sinus floors. Results The mean radiographic sinus floor gain in the ABBM group was 10.2 mm (± 2.5), while in the absorbable gelatin sponge group was 5.4 mm (± 2.0), with a mean difference of 4.8, which was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The mean implant stability for the ABBM was 77.3 (± 4.9), while in the absorbable gelatin sponge group was 74.2 (± 3.0), with a mean difference of 3.1, which was statistically insignificant (p = 0.1610). Conclusion The ABBM showed superior results regarding the amount of radiographic sinus floor bone gain. However, the implant stability was invariable between both groups.
- Pronounced mediastinal emphysema after restorative treatment of the lower left molar—a case report and a systematic review of the literatureon 10/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract This case report presents an iatrogenic induced mediastinal emphysema after restorative treatment of the lower left second molar, aimed to highlight the potential life-threatening consequences, and providing diagnostics and treatment concepts of complicated dental induced emphysema based on literature review. A 74-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency department due to a fall on her shoulder. Additional finding was a significant swelling of the face and neck. In the computer tomography of the head, neck, and thorax, a humerus fracture and pronounced soft tissue emphysema from the infraorbital region to the mediastinum was detected. The patient reported that she had been treated by her dentist 4 days earlier. The treatment had to be discontinued after beginning of a pronounced swelling. Other reasons for the emphysema could be excluded out on an interdisciplinary teamwork. The patient was monitored as an inpatient for 5 days and received intravenous antibiotic therapy. This case report shows the rare complication of pronounced mediastinal emphysema after root canal treatment. Emphysema should always be a differential diagnosis of soft tissue swelling and, in case of doubt, a general medical presentation should be made.
- Patterns and characteristics of maxillofacial fractures in womenon 09/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose Facial trauma in women is complex with physical, psychosocial, and cultural influences impacting clinical presentations. Although multifactorial, assaults and falls are principally reported as the main causes. Methods A retrospective review was conducted from January 2012 to January 2017 at the Women and Children’s Hospital and Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide. All maxillofacial fractures in women that attended or were referred to the unit were included in this study. The primary objective was to analyse epidemiological trends of facial fractures and clinical outcomes in the South Australian female population. Results There is a bimodal distribution of facial fractures at 25–35 years and 65 + years. Indigenous females were 19.5 years younger than non-indigenous females (30.5 vs 49.9, P < 0.001). Approximately half the cohort had a fall-related facial fracture, followed by assault (26.2%), and sports (10.3%). There was a higher proportion of non-alcohol-related trauma from assaults than alcohol-related assaults (72.5% vs 27.5%, P < 0.001). Over half (58.0%) of the cohort had a midface fracture. The elderly had increased odds of 1.9 fold for facial fractures in winter, largely from falls, compared to younger women. Associated injuries were present in almost half the elderly women with 2.6 times the risk compared to younger women. Younger women had higher incidences of surgical intervention (52.6% vs 14.3%, P < 0.05). Conclusions Young women disproportionately experience larger incidences of non-alcohol-related assaults requiring operative intervention of the mandible, whereas elderly women principally suffer fall-related facial fractures with higher rates of associated injuries.
- Mid-facial soft tissue re-suspension following skeletal fixation after maxillofacial trauma—a prospective case series studyon 07/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is used for reduction and stabilization of facial fractures. Despite perfect anatomic skeletal reduction, subtle asymmetries are seen in facial appearance as mid-facial soft tissue often reattaches to the respective facial bones in an aberrant, mostly lower in position. Thus, the present study evaluates the effectiveness of mid-facial soft tissue re-suspension procedure to prevent changes in mid-facial soft tissue profile after ORIF of maxillo-facial fractures. Methods Fifteen patients with maxillo-facial fractures requiring ORIF were included. After ORIF, mid-facial soft tissue resuspension (STRP) was done by suspending the soft tissue and periosteum over cheek region from temporal fascia by polydioxanone suture material. The results were analyzed by patient satisfaction survey and doctor perspective form on photographs by three surgeons 6 months postoperatively. Results All patients were male in the age range of 18–60 years. STRP was done unilaterally in 7 cases and bilaterally in 8 cases, with average time ranging from 10.6 to 20.5 min. The patient satisfaction survey revealed that 86.6% were pleased with their appearance and 93% said that there was no abnormal change in the esthetics postoperatively. The doctor perception form revealed almost 80% agreement, that there was minimal change in the appearance of cheek mound, nasolabial fold, corner of the mouth, and lateral canthus postoperatively. Conclusion STRP is a simple technique to perform with fewer complications, and helps in restoring facial esthetics, same as prior to facial trauma; as it prevents soft tissue sagging after degloving incisions for fracture reduction and fixation.
- Observational and descriptive analysis of broken dental needles: a case serieson 06/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose To discuss potential causes of broken dental needles during dental anesthesia and features of this complication, including the anatomical location of fragments in tissues, symptoms, complications, and therapeutic approaches. Methods Twelve cases of broken dental needles occurring during dental anesthesia and subsequently referred to Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal, Brazil, between 1992 and 2019 were selected. In addition, similar cases reported in the literature over the past 50 years were reviewed. Results Needle fractures occur most frequently during inferior alveolar nerve blocks and in younger patients. The leading cause is unexpected patient movement during the anesthetic procedure. The needle fragment is most commonly found in the pterygomandibular space or the deep spaces of the head and neck region. Needle migration is a particular concern; although rare, it is unpredictable and potentially life-threatening. Conclusions Needle fracture is an intraoperative complication which has the potential to cause severe patient damage. It is essential that practitioners have knowledge of this possible complication and understand the technical considerations for its prevention. The existing literature and the results of this case series analysis suggest that removal of the fractured needle fragment should be attempted as soon as possible.
- Prevalence of dental alterations in patients under bisphosphonates therapy: a systematic reviewon 04/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract This systematic review aimed to estimate the prevalence and describe dentoalveolar lesions associated with bisphosphonates therapy. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using the following databases: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs, SciElo, and Grey Literature. Quality of individual studies analysis was performed by using Newcastle–Ottawa Scale. Certainty of cumulative evidence was achieved by applying Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) criteria. The software R Statistics version 4.0.5 (The R Foundation) was used for proportion estimations per study and corresponding confidence intervals were estimated through the Clopper-Pearson method. Four articles were included for the qualitative synthesis. Two studies were considered of good quality, one of fair, and one of poor quality. A total of 231 patients were encompassed. Widening of the periodontal ligament space (22.2–39.7%), periradicular radiolucencies (20–22.9%), and pulp calcifications (33.3–69.2%) were the most frequent alterations. Certainty of evidence was rated as very low. Based on limited evidence, this systematic review reports a variety of dentoalveolar alterations in patients under bisphosphonate therapy. These features might impact on dental clinical practice. However, the level of evidence is considered very low due to important limitations.
- A rare case of bilateral pseudoaneurysm secondary to mandibular condyle fracture—a case report with review of literatureon 03/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract This paper aims to present a rare case report of bilateral pseudoaneurysm secondary to condylar fracture and its management with a brief review of literature. A patient of age 19 years with alleged history of road traffic accident presented 6 weeks lately to our department with slow growing swelling in right preauricular area. History revealed bilateral condylar fracture with right parasymphysis fracture of mandible for which patient underwent maxillomandibular fixation for 4 weeks. The diffuse swelling in preauricular region showed positive signs of pulsation and audible bruit. Ultrasonography and contrast-enhanced computed tomography suggested the bilateral presence of vascular anamoly from the terminal branches of external carotid artery. Diagnostic angiography confirmed presence of pseudoaneurysm at the bifurcation of the internal maxillary artery and superficial temporal artery (STA) on right side whereas on the left side it was at proximal STA. Bilateral endovascular coil and gel foam embolization was done and thrombosis was confirmed with high frequency ultrasound on fourth postintervention day. The swelling completely resolved in a period of 1 month with no evidence of recurrence in the following 2-year follow-up period. Routine investigation revealed presence of pseudoaneurysm on left side which was completely without any clinical signs as repoterd by many cases of condylar fracture in the literature review. Pseudoaneurysm may remain silent and are exposed intraoperatively with massive bleeding which causes significant morbidity. Hence, prompt diagnosis and management is essential to avoid unexpected complication perioperatively.
- Correction to: Early root migration after a mandibular third molar coronectomyon 03/06/2022 at 12:00 am
- Analysis of the 100 most cited articles on ameloblastomaon 02/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Objectives An increasing number of articles are published each year. The aim of this is to provide a list of the 100 most cited articles on the subject of ameloblastoma. Methods A bibliographic search was performed on Google Scholar (GS), Microsoft Academic (MA), and Dimensions for ameloblastoma. A ranking was created in order of citation density. Graphical representations of keywords and authorship were created with VOSviewer. Statistical analysis was performed and only results with a 95% confidence interval were considered significant. Results A helpful list of top 100 articles was developed to help professionals in a variety of ways. Some curiosities are discussed about this scientometric analysis in ameloblastoma articles. Conclusions A useful list of the top 100 most cited articles on ameloblastoma has been provided. Bibliometric and altmetric analysis using Google Scholar, Microsoft Academic, and Dimensions is a free and excellent tool, not only as a citation manager but also as a study reference.
- Correction to: Influence of the use of autogenous bone particles to close the access window after maxillary sinus floor augmentation: a micro-computed tomography and positron emission tomography study in rabbitson 02/06/2022 at 12:00 am
- ‘Temporomandibular joint hematoma nerve block’—a new technique in management of mandibular condylar fractureson 01/06/2022 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose Management of mandibular condylar fracture has invited a great deal of controversy in maxillofacial trauma care. In the orthopaedic literature, surgeons have exhaustively described the use of a ‘hematoma block’ technique during closed reduction (CR) of the ankle or other long bone fractures. Post-traumatic ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is due to development and progression of the intra-articular hematoma. We improvised their technique for use during CR of mandibular condylar fractures. The desirable effects which can be achieved with our proposed ‘novel TMJ hematoma nerve block’ technique are evacuating the accumulated hematoma, blocking auriculotemporal and masseteric nerves which in turn causes relaxation of the lateral pterygoid muscle, all in all, favouring accurate anatomical reduction of the fracture. Method Thirteen patients with isolated unilateral condylar fractures were subjected to our new technique. The parameters assessed were the amount of hematoma evacuated, pain in TMJ region during reduction and postoperative anatomic reduction on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Results All the patients showed a significant reduction in pain and lowered post-reduction angulation between the proximal condylar and distal ramal segments. Conclusion Our technique is minimally invasive, safe, simple to perform, yielding excellent anatomic reduction of the fracture fragments.
- Correction to: A 10‑year study of penetrating head and neck injury by assault in the North East of Englandon 01/06/2022 at 12:00 am
- Correction to: Prediction of mortality in severely injured patients with facial bone fractureson 01/06/2022 at 12:00 am
- Μενού Περιοδικών
- The New England Journal of Medicine
- Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
- British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (DGMKG)
- Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics
- Oral Oncology
- Clinical Oral Implants Research
- Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery
- Implant Dentistry
- Head & Neck
- American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics