International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery RSS feed.
- Editorial Board/Reviewing Committeeon 01/02/2021 at 12:00 am
- Surgical complications related to temporomandibular joint arthroscopy: a prospective analysis of 39 single-portal versus 43 double-portal proceduresby D.F. Ângelo, R.A.D. Araújo, D. Sanz on 22/01/2021 at 12:00 am
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure proposed for diverse TMJ intra-articular disorders. A prospective study was designed with the aim of investigating intraoperative and postoperative surgical complications for single and double-portal TMJ arthroscopy. All interventions were performed by one surgeon with the same surgical protocol. A total of 55 patients were enrolled, resulting in 82 TMJ arthroscopies (28 unilateral and 27 bilateral). A total of 39 single portal (47.57%) and 43 double-portal (52.43%) arthroscopies were performed.
- Distinguishing craniomorphometric characteristics and severity in metopic synostosis patientsby L. Chandler, K.E. Park, O. Allam, M.A. Mozaffari, S. Khetpal, J. Smetona, N. Pourtaheri, X. Lu, J.A. Persing, M. Alperovich on 19/01/2021 at 12:00 am
The decision about which metopic synostosis patients should undergo surgery remains controversial. Multiple measures for radiographic severity have been developed in order to determine the optimal criteria for treatment. The aim of this study was to perform an extensive craniomorphometric analysis of patients who underwent surgery for metopic synostosis to validate and compare the various severity scales developed for this non-syndromic craniosynostosis. A comparative morphometric analysis was performed using computed tomography scans of preoperative metopic synostosis patients (n=167) and normal controls (n=44).
- Nasomaxillary effects of miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expansion and two surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion approachesby A.S. Jesus, C.B. Oliveira, W.H. Murata, E.S. Gonçales, V.A. Pereira-Filho, A. Santos-Pinto on 18/01/2021 at 12:00 am
This retrospective study was performed to evaluate nasomaxillary changes in 36 patients at an advanced stage of skeletal maturity who underwent miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expansion (MARPE) or surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE) with/without an alar base cinch. Cone beam computed tomography images taken before and after expansion were analysed. Changes in the width of the dental arch (D66S, D66I), maxillary base (MxMol), and nasal floor and nasal cavity in the molar and canine regions (NaFMol, NaFCan, NaCMol, NaCCan) were compared, as well as changes in the choanal aperture (CA) and nasal soft tissue (NW).
- Denosumab for the management of central giant cell granuloma of the jaws—a case seriesby M.A. Pogrel, M. Hossaini-Zadeh on 16/01/2021 at 12:00 am
Denosumab has been suggested as a medical treatment for central giant cell granuloma of the jaws. This study included eight patients, seven female and one male, aged between 19 and 32 years, with biopsy-proven central giant cell granuloma of the mandible. The patients were treated with subcutaneous injections of 120 mg of denosumab in a regime consisting of three injections at weekly intervals followed by five injections at monthly intervals over a 6-month period. They were followed up for between 60 and 71 months clinically and radiographically with panoramic radiographs and cone beam computed tomography scans.
- Surgical resection of clinically benign tumours in the maxillomandibular deep lobe of the parotid gland via sternocleidomastoid muscle–parotid space approachby D.-c. Wang, Z.-p. Sun, X. Peng, Y.-d. Zhao, C.-l. Ni, C. Mao, Y.-x. Guo, C.-b. Guo on 16/01/2021 at 12:00 am
This article reports the surgical resection of clinically benign tumours in the maxillomandibular deep lobe of the parotid gland via sternocleidomastoid muscle–parotid space (SPS) approach. The use of maxillary–mandibular planes to subdivide the deep lobe of the parotid gland in order to establish the tumour location and accessibility is introduced. This approach, which does not raise a skin flap, may preserve the superficial lobe. Ten patients with clinically benign tumours in the maxillomandibular deep lobe of the parotid gland were treated via the SPS approach.
- Longitudinal recovery pattern of neurosensory deficit after Le Fort I osteotomyby A.B. Alolayan, Y.Y. Leung on 13/01/2021 at 12:00 am
The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and recovery pattern of neurosensory deficit (NSD) following Le Fort I osteotomy, and to identify the possible risk factors that might contribute to the complication. A prospective longitudinal observational study on the incidence of NSD was conducted on patients who received Le Fort I osteotomy. Subjective and objective standardized neurosensory assessments were performed preoperatively as the baseline, and postoperatively at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months.
- Efficient in-house 3D printing of an orthognathic splint for single-jaw casesby W. Mascarenhas, N. Makhoul on 11/01/2021 at 12:00 am
The purpose of this paper is to outline a simple and effective digital protocol for in-house 3D-printing of orthognathic splints for use during single-jaw orthognathic surgery. Using this protocol, an intraoral scanner, and virtual planning software, computer-designed splints were fabricated by a rapid prototyping machine in-house. The protocol was utilized for 35 consecutive patients requiring single-jaw orthognathic surgery between January 2019 and March 2020. The total time from initial scan to splint fabrication for each case was between 5 and 9hours, including 3minutes for scanning of models, 4.5minutes for development of the splint, and 4–8hours for rapid prototyping and post-processing.
- Anatomical characteristics of maxillary sinus antroliths and their influence on sinus membrane thickness: a retrospective cone beam computed tomography analysisby H.-H. Chen, C.-A. Yi, Y.-C. Chen, H.-H. Huang on 08/01/2021 at 12:00 am
The purpose of this study was to assess the anatomy of antroliths and its influence on the thickness of the maxillary sinus membrane. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was performed on 239 patients (478 sinuses). The prevalence of antroliths per sinus was 8.4%. Regarding their distribution, antroliths were predominantly unilateral (82.5%), single (67.5%), and in a dentate area (60.0%). The antroliths were mainly located in the molar region (95.0%) and in the sinus floor (77.5%). The measured dimensions of the antroliths were as follows: length 5.6±4.4mm, width 4.1±2.9mm, height 3.5±2.1mm.
- Fabrication of a three-dimensional temporomandibular joint model for arthrocentesis and arthroscopy simulationby Q.C. Foo, F. Hariri, Z.A. Abdul Rahman on 06/01/2021 at 12:00 am
Arthrocentesis and arthroscopy are relatively safe treatments for arthrogenic temporomandibular disorders. Hands-on training in both procedures is essential for surgeons to become competent. In this study, a three-dimensional (3D) temporomandibular joint (TMJ) prototype was developed at a relatively low cost, and arthrocentesis and arthroscopy were performed successfully on the model. Despite its limitations, this model is a viable adjunct to TMJ surgical training and can be fabricated easily by any training centre with a 3D printer.
- Comparison of patient satisfaction measures between in-person and telemedicine postoperative appointments following third molar surgeryby A. Champion, A. Congiusta, A. Yagnik on 04/01/2021 at 12:00 am
The goal of this study was to compare key aspects of patient satisfaction in patients who underwent in-person and telemedicine postoperative appointments following third molar surgery. A total of 69 patients undergoing the removal of third molars were randomized to receive their postoperative care either in person or via telemedicine appointments. Following the postoperative visit, patients were asked to complete a survey that assessed elements of patient satisfaction using a visual analog scale.
- Replacement of lip-split mandibulotomy by pull-through approach for T3–4 oral carcinomasby A. Marhic, J. Guerlain, N. Benmoussa, I. Breuskin, J.-F. Honart, F. Janot, A. Moya-Plana, S. Temam, P. Gorphe on 04/01/2021 at 12:00 am
At the study hospital, the lip-split mandibulotomy (LSM) has progressively been replaced by a pull-through (PT) approach. This study compared the outcomes of the LSM and PT approaches in a series of 192 patients with T3–T4a oral tongue and floor of the mouth squamous cell carcinoma treated over the two last decades. No difference in margin status (P = 0.254), rate of early complications (local infections) (P = 0.867), haematoma/haemorrhage (P = 0.221), delayed wound healing (P = 0.438), re-operation (P = 0.083), or Clavien–Dindo classification (P= 0.5281) was found.
- Impact of muscle volume loss on acute oral mucositis in patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy after oral cancer resectionby T. Yamaguchi, T. Makiguchi, H. Nakamura, Y. Yamatsu, Y. Hirai, K. Shoda, K. Suzuki, M. Kim, S. Kurozumi, S.I. Motegi, K. Shirabe, S. Yokoo on 04/01/2021 at 12:00 am
This study evaluated the association between skeletal muscle mass depletion and severe oral mucositis in patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy after oral cancer resection. Skeletal muscle mass was evaluated in 60 patients using the skeletal muscle index, which was based on skeletal muscle cross-sectional area (on computed tomography) at the level of the third lumbar vertebra. In accordance with the grading criteria of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, patients with a grade ≥3 were defined as having severe oral mucositis.
- Quality of life of Japanese elderly oral cancer patients during the perioperative periodby T. Aoki, Y. Ota, M. Sasaki, T. Suzuki, M. Uchibori, Y. Nakanishi, T. Akamatsu, K. Irikura, T. Akiba, T. Arai on 04/01/2021 at 12:00 am
Japan’s aging society has an increasing incidence of oral cancer. This study investigated perioperative changes in quality of life (QoL) among 172 oral cancer patients (elderly ≥75 years vs non-elderly
- Traumatic maxillofacial and brain injuries: a systematic reviewby E.Z. Goh, N. Beech, N.R. Johnson on 30/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Concomitant traumatic brain injury (TBI) and maxillofacial fractures carry the risk of significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this review was to explore the demographics, types of injury, and complications of traumatic maxillofacial and brain injuries, in order to contribute to comprehensive health strategies. The PubMed and Scopus databases were systematically searched. Inclusion criteria were clinical studies investigating combined traumatic maxillofacial and brain injuries. Exclusion criteria were duplicates, non-English publications, non-full-text publications, publication date before 1990, and studies with insufficient data.
- Effect of submental flap reconstruction versus obturator rehabilitation after maxillectomy on quality of life: a randomized clinical trialby O.Q.S. Aladashi, M.I. Shindy, S.A. Noaman, A.Y. Alqutaibi, S.M. Refahee on 29/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The surgical removal of a maxillary tumour will result in an oronasal communication, which can negatively affect the patient’s life and daily functions. Following maxillectomy, the defect can be treated with a prosthetic obturator or microvascular flap. However, the gold standard technique remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare quality of life (QoL) outcomes of submental island flap versus maxillary obturator reconstruction after partial maxillectomy. Sixty patients indicated for maxillectomy were allocated randomly to two equal-sized groups.
- Genetic variants in long non-coding RNAs UCA1 and NEAT1 were associated with the prognosis of oral squamous cell carcinomaby Longbiao Zhu, Yingzheng He, Guanying Feng, Yu Yang, Ruixia Wang, Ning Chen, Hua Yuan on 29/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is known for its high incidence, death rate, and relatively low 5-year survival. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play a significant role in cancerization and cancer progression. However, research on the association of polymorphisms in these lncRNAs with the prognosis of OSCC is lacking. Fifteen functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in seven lncRNAs were selected to explore the relationship between these lncRNA SNPs and the prognosis among 209 OSCC patients.
- Mirror-image unilateral condylar hyperplasia in monozygotic twinsby A.Q.J. Toh, A.G. Becking, Y.Y. Leung on 29/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) is an abnormal growth process that results in the development of mandibular asymmetry. The aetiopathogenesis of this entity is still unclear. Various factors including hormonal influences, intrauterine factors, trauma, infection, and genetics have been speculated to lead to the development of UCH. In genetic epidemiology, twins have been a valuable resource for investigating the genetic basis of complex traits and diseases. We present a case of mirror-image UCH in a pair of monozygotic twins, providing evidence of a possible genetic link for this mandibular growth disorder.
- Differential diagnosis of immunoglobulin G4-related sialadenitis and Kimura’s disease of the salivary gland: a comparative case seriesby W.-X. Zhu, Y.-Y. Zhang, Z.-P. Sun, Y. Gao, Y. Chen, G.-Y. Yu on 29/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The aim of this study was to investigate key points for the differential diagnosis of immunoglobulin G4-related sialadenitis (IgG4-RS) and Kimura’s disease (KD) involving the salivary glands. The clinical, serological, radiological, histological, and immunohistochemical features of 85 IgG4-RS cases and 52 KD cases were evaluated comparatively. Seventy-two IgG4-RS cases had enlargement of multiple salivary and/or lacrimal glands; 67 patients had bilateral submandibular gland (SMG) involvement. Unilateral parotid gland involvement (59.6%) and comorbid skin lesions (61.5%) were common in KD.
- Levels of evidence and journal impact factor in oral and maxillofacial surgery: a 15-year follow-upby S. Nabil, N. Samman on 28/12/2020 at 12:00 am
This study was performed to assess changes over time in the quality of research in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) by examining the level of evidence of published articles. A secondary aim was to determine the relationship of the journal impact factor to these levels of evidence. The four major OMS journals with an impact factor were assessed. Articles published in 2017 and 2018 were categorized based on their level of evidence, and their correlation with the 2019 journal impact factor was investigated using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient (rho).
- Growth patterns of the airway in Crouzon syndrome patients with different types of cranial vault suture synostosisby X. Lu, A.J. Forte, A. Wilson, K.E. Park, O. Allam, M. Alperovich, D.M. Steinbacher, C. Tonello, N. Alonso, J.A. Persing on 28/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The severity of obstructive respiratory difficulty varies among affected Crouzon syndrome patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the restricted airway volume in Crouzon syndrome and the associated type of cranial vault suture synostosis. Computed tomography scans of 68 unoperated Crouzon syndrome patients and 89 control subjects were subgrouped into four types: type I, bilateral coronal synostosis; type II, sagittal synostosis; type III, pansynostosis; type IV, perpendicular combinations of synostoses.
- Does osteoporosis increase marginal bone loss around dental implants in the posterior of the maxilla?by R. Tabrizi, F. Mousavi, S. Ghasemi, B.T. Ozkan on 26/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Osteoporosis is caused by an imbalance in bone remodelling. The aim of this study was to compare the marginal bone loss (MBL) around dental implants placed in the posterior maxilla between osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic female patients. This was a prospective cohort study. Female patients needing a dental implant restoration in the posterior maxilla were included. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was performed and the T-score recorded. MBL was measured at 12 months after loading. The patients were assigned to one of two groups: group 1, osteoporotic (T-score ≥2.5); group 2, non-osteoporotic (T-score <2.5).
- Do we have a robust method for preoperative tumour depth assessment for oral cavity tumours with clinically negative necks?by H. Cocker, O. Francies, A. Adams, I. Sassoon, C. Schilling on 24/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Tumour depth is an important prognostic factor in head and neck cancer and has recently been included in the eighth edition of the Union for International Cancer Control TNM classification of malignant tumours for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). It is important to appraise the accuracy of depth assessments; however, there is little current evidence in the literature. Accurate depth assessment is particularly pertinent in cT1–T2N0 OSCC where it may influence neck management. A retrospective study was performed at two tertiary referral centres, in which surgically treated patients with cT1–T4N0 OSCC were audited.
- A pilot study for presence of circulating tumour cells in adenoid cystic carcinomaby B.M. Fisher, K.D. Tang, M.E. Warkiani, C. Punyadeera, M.D. Batstone on 24/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare salivary gland neoplasm with a poor long-term prognosis due to multiple recurrences and distant metastatic spread. Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are tumour cells shed from a primary, recurrent, or metastatic cancer that are detectable in the blood or lymphatics. There is no literature to date confirming the presence of CTCs in ACC. The aim of this study was to determine whether CTCs are detectable in ACC. Blood samples were collected from eight patients with histologically confirmed ACC.
- Mandible reconstruction using a vascularized fibula flap from a post-polio paralytic limbby S.R. Selva Sakthipalan, K. Sridhar, S.K. Pandian, S. RajaSundaram on 24/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The case of 69-year-old man with a post-polio paralytic limb who was diagnosed with carcinoma of the lower alveolus is presented. A successful mandible reconstruction was performed using a vascularized fibula osteocutaneous flap harvested from the polio-affected limb. The skin perfusion and quality of the bone were good. The donor defect healed uneventfully. Harvesting the flap from the polio-affected limb also significantly reduced the donor site morbidity. This case is novel in presenting the successful use of a free fibula flap harvested from a leg affected by paralytic poliomyelitis.
- Virtual occlusion in orthognathic surgeryby F. Baan, E.M. van Meggelen, A.C. Verhulst, R. Bruggink, T. Xi, T.J.J. Maal on 23/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The aim of this retrospective study was to determine whether a virtually created occlusion is as accurate as a conventionally created occlusion. Seventeen orthognathic patients were included in the study, which was conducted in a university clinic. Plaster cast models were obtained and digitized. Two experienced observers created the conventional (gold standard) and virtual occlusion to assess inter-observer variability. One observer created the conventional and virtual occlusion a second time to assess the intra-observer variability.
- Pseudoaneurysm in the inferior alveolar artery following a bad split in bilateral sagittal split osteotomyby A. AbuKaraky, M. Al Mousa, O.A. Samara, Z.H. Baqain on 22/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Pseudoaneurysms in the external carotid artery system are rare, mostly reported in the superficial temporal and facial arteries. The bilateral sagittal split osteotomy has a low incidence of complications requiring emergency interventions. We report the case of a patient with acute bleeding from a pseudoaneurysm of the inferior alveolar artery diagnosed by angiography and treated successfully by super-selective embolization.
- Three-dimensional creation of the peak of Cupid’s bow by muscle tension line group reconstruction in secondary cleft lip repairby W. Sun, H. Ma, N. Yin on 21/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The peak of Cupid’s bow is a unique three-dimensional structure. Traditional reconstructive techniques focus only on the correction of vermillion border malalignment and the vertical discrepancy between Cupid’s bow peaks from a two-dimensional perspective. The aim of this study was to introduce a novel technique – the muscle tension line group reconstruction technique – to recreate the Cupid’s bow peak three-dimensionally in secondary cleft lip repair. With this technique the orbicularis oris muscle is divided into two flaps: a lateral one composed of pars marginalis and a medial one composed of pars peripheralis.
- Augmented reality in craniomaxillofacial surgery: added value and proposed recommendations through a systematic review of the literatureby M. Benmahdjoub, T. van Walsum, P. van Twisk, E.B. Wolvius on 15/12/2020 at 12:00 am
This systematic review provides an overview of augmented reality (AR) and its benefits in craniomaxillofacial surgery in an attempt to answer the question: Is AR beneficial for craniomaxillofacial surgery? This review includes a description of the studies conducted, the systems used and their technical characteristics. The search was performed in four databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Web of Science. All journal articles published during the past 11 years related to AR, mixed reality, craniomaxillofacial, and surgery were considered in this study.
- The correlation of maxillomandibular advancement and airway volume change in obstructive sleep apnea using cone beam computed tomographyby W. Kongsong, P.D. Waite, S. Sittitavornwong, M. Schibler, F. Alshahrani on 14/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the correlation of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) and airway volume changes in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and to determine the surgical skeletal movements necessary to achieve an increase in total airway volume (TAV) of ≥70%. Thirty patients with OSA treated by MMA were evaluated. Pre- and postoperative cone beam computed tomography images were used to determine the horizontal distance and angular changes in surgical parameters and linear, area, and volumetric airway parameters.
- Functional outcomes in patients with facial dysostosis and severe upper airway obstructionby P.P.J.M. van der Plas, S. Yang, M. Streppel, B. Pullens, S.L. Versnel, M.J. Koudstaal, E.B. Wolvius, I.M.J. Mathijssen, K.F.M. Joosten on 14/12/2020 at 12:00 am
An increased risk of upper airway obstruction (UAO) is seen in up to 95% of patients with facial dysostosis. Secondary to respiratory problems are feeding difficulties and increased nutritional requirements. Little has been described regarding these outcomes in this patient population. Hence, a retrospective cohort study was performed to gather data on functional outcomes. Eighteen patients with facial dysostosis and severe UAO were included. The median follow-up time was 3.42 years. A tracheostomy tube was placed in 13 patients, of whom 10 subsequently underwent mandibular distraction.
- Low skeletal bone mineral density as a potential aetiological factor towards idiopathic condylar resorptionby M. Yuan, Q. Xie, P. Shen, C. Yang on 11/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The aim of this study was to investigate the contributing factor of impaired skeletal quality in the pathogenesis of idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR). One hundred and twenty-six patients with MRI-confirmed ICR and 596 patients with disc displacement (DD) without a diminished condyle, of both sexes, were included. Dental examinations and retrospective surveys regarding temporomandibular joint symptoms and progression of maxillofacial deformities were conducted. Skeletal bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and converted to T-scores and Z-scores.
- ‘Out of house’ virtual surgical planning for mandible reconstruction after cancer resection: is it oncologically safe?by C.P. Barry, C. MacDhabheid, K. Tobin, L.F. Stassen, P. Lennon, M. Toner, E. O’Regan, J.R. Clark on 11/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the time delay between ‘out of house’ proprietary virtual surgical planning (OH-VSP) of the mandibular resection for oral cancer and the actual surgery results in compromised margins and oncological disadvantage for the patient. Outcomes of patients who had OH-VSP of their mandibular resection and reconstruction were compared with those of patients who had the same surgery using a conventional non-VSP approach. The groups were similar in patient demographics, tumour stage and size, nodal status, and reconstruction complexity.
- Increased tracheostomy rates in head and neck cancer surgery during the COVID-19 pandemicby Tarun Kumar Batra, Mandar Ramesh Tilak, Esha Pai, Nimisha Verma, Bikram Kumar Gupta, Ghanshyam Yadav, Rajeev Kumar Dubey, Neville Joseph Francis, Manoj Pandey on 11/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Surgical practice during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has changed significantly, without supporting data. With increasing experience, a dichotomy of practice is emerging, challenging existing consensus guidelines. One such practice is elective tracheostomy. Here, we share our initial experience of head and neck cancer surgery in a COVID-19 tertiary care centre, emphasizing the evolved protocol of perioperative care when compared to pre-COVID-19 times. This was a prospective study of 21 patients with head and neck cancers undergoing surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic, compared to 193 historical controls.
- Recurrent adamantinoma of the mandibleby G.-H. Zhang, W.-J. Wu, M.-W. Huang on 06/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Adamantinoma is an extremely rare tumour originating from bone that can be divided into classical and osteofibrous dysplasia (OFD)-like adamantinoma. This low-grade malignancy almost exclusively occurs in long bones, and only few cases of mandibular adamantinoma have been reported. Here, we report the case of a 30-year-old female with a 2-year history of right mandible tenderness. Radiological examinations showed a lytic lesion involving the right mandible without a well-defined margin. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of adamantinoma.
- Superficial versus deep system single venous anastomosis in the radial forearm free flap: a meta-analysisby Y. Xie, T. Feng, Y. Ou, Y. Lin, W. Gong, Y. Wang on 05/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The selection of the superficial or deep drainage system for use with the radial forearm free flap (RFFF) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal drainage system for single venous anastomosis. A systematic review and cumulative meta-analysis was performed to assess superficial and deep system single venous anastomosis for use with the RFFF in postoperative reconstruction of the head and neck. This study included 1073 flaps (495 superficial system-based flaps, 578 deep system-based flaps) reported in six studies.
- Is there a difference between the thicknesses of the rami in mandibular asymmetry?by A.W.K. Yeung, N.S.M. Wong, D.T.S. Li, T.H.Y. Lo, Y.Y. Leung on 05/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate whether the thicknesses of the two rami differ in patients with mandibular asymmetry. Preoperative cone beam computed tomography scans of 78 patients with mandibular asymmetry were assessed for ramus thickness, mandibular length, and mandibular shift. The results showed that the ramus was thinner on the longer side than on the shorter side in 85.9% of the patients. On average, the longer side of the mandible was 2.74mm longer (range 0.07–9.90mm, standard deviation 1.92mm) and 0.55mm thinner (range −0.61 to 2.02mm, standard deviation 0.59mm) than the shorter side (both P<0.001).
- Evaluation of the screw tent-pole technique for the repair of anterior maxilla width defects: a prospective, randomized, split-mouth studyby G.A. Guillen, A.L.D. Araújo, F.G.C. Macêdo, F.C. Groppo, P.A. Vargas, C.F. Nóia on 04/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The aim of this prospective study was to compare horizontal bone augmentation in the anterior maxilla associated with two types of tenting screw used in the screw tent-pole technique. Ten patients with a premaxilla width deficiency underwent grafting with protein-free xenograft bone. A split-mouth design was used, with sides allocated randomly to receive standard and wide-head tenting screws. Implants were installed after 9 months. Patients underwent clinical, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), and histomorphometric evaluations.
- Fixation of subcondylar fractures of the mandible: a randomized clinical trial comparing one trapezoidal plate with two miniplatesby M. Adhikari, K. Bhatt, R. Yadav, J. Mandal, O. Bhutia, A. Roychoudhury on 04/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Subcondylar fracture of the mandible accounts for 25–35% of all mandibular fractures. In the past, most subcondylar fractures were managed non-surgically. The traditional method of fixation for subcondylar fractures uses two miniplates; however some bench studies have reported that trapezoidal plates are superior. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of subcondylar fractures fixed either with two non-parallel straight miniplates or with one trapezoidal plate. A randomized clinical trial was designed and implemented.
- Surgical anatomy of the submental artery perforator flap and assessment for application in postoperative reconstruction following oral cancer surgery: a prospective clinical studyby X. Bin, X. Wu, L. Huang, Y. Zhou, F. Guo on 04/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The submental artery perforator flap (SMAPF) has an elongated pedicle, allowing good cosmetic outcomes to be achieved following oral reconstruction surgery. The improper dissection of perforators often leads to a vascular flap crisis. To avoid this, some surgeons choose to carry amounts of connective tissue around the pedicle. However the inclusion of connective tissue on the pedicle raises concerns about oncological safety. A surgical anatomical study of the submental vessel patterns and subdivisions of the cervical level I lymph nodes was conducted on 33 patients with primary oral cancer who underwent reconstruction with a SMAPF after tumour resection.
- Islanded facial artery osteomyomucosal/osseous flap in head and neck reconstructionby Naveen B.S., M.T. Mohan, J. Tharayil, S.T. Joseph on 04/12/2020 at 12:00 am
A local pedicled vascularized bone flap can prevent the morbidity and cost of free bone flap surgery in small segmental bone defects or long cartilaginous defects of the head and neck. Such flaps can also be useful in patients who are high risk for surgery. The periosteal vascularity of the mandible can be used to design islanded facial artery-based bone flaps, which can be utilized to that extent. Two patients with a small segmental mandibulectomy defect and one patient with a long cricotracheal resection defect underwent reconstruction using three different designs of islanded facial artery osteomyomucosal/osseous flap (iFOMM).
- Tomographic analysis of nasomaxillary and zygomaticomaxillary buttress bone thickness for the fixation of miniplatesby Y.L. Medeiros, A.O. Loures, B.N. Silva, P. Reher, K.L. Devito, M.F. Carvalho on 03/12/2020 at 12:00 am
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bone thickness of the nasomaxillary and zygomaticomaxillary buttresses to identify the most favourable region for the installation of miniplates. Bilateral tomographic images of 103 individuals were evaluated, for a total of 206 nasomaxillary and zygomaticomaxillary buttresses. Measurements of bone thickness were performed in the parasagittal reconstructions along three vertical lines on the nasomaxillary buttress (21 measurement points) and four vertical lines on the zygomaticomaxillary buttress (28 measurement points).
- Quantitative bone SPECT analysis of mandibular condyles in an asymptomatic population: an approach to normal reference valuesby L.K. Anzola F., S. Moron A., M.C. Jaramillo C., D.C. Quijano G., N. Hernandez H., E. González A., I. Rodriguez, S.M. Moreno L., E. Amador P., M. Orozco F., F. Mut on 02/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Bone scintigraphy is an extremely valuable technique in diagnosis and treatment planning for patients with condylar hyperplasia (CH). The main objective of this study was to develop an approach to determine normal activity values in the mandibular condyles, adjusted to age and sex, through quantitative analysis of bone single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) on a condyle-by-condyle basis and to compare these values with those of a control group comprising patients with confirmed CH. Technetium 99 m-methylene diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP) SPECT studies of the mandibular condyles were performed in patients with no mandibular pathology for quantitative analysis.
- Clinical comparison of a xenogeneic collagen matrix versus subepithelial autogenous connective tissue graft for augmentation of soft tissue around implantsby Paolo De Angelis, Silvio De Angelis, Pier Carmine Passarelli, Margherita Giorgia Liguori, Giorgio Pompa, Piero Papi, Paolo Francesco Manicone, Antonio D’Addona on 02/12/2020 at 12:00 am
Dental implant placement is a predictable therapy for replacing teeth. Nevertheless, mechanical, biological, and aesthetic complications frequently occur. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of a xenogeneic collagen matrix (XCM) used at the time of implant placement as an alternative to a subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG), for soft tissue augmentation. This was a prospective clinical trial with 12 months of follow-up. In the control group, soft tissue augmentation at the time of implant placement was performed with a SCTG, while in the test group, a XCM was employed.
- Analysis of the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the intraoral minor salivary glands: a retrospective study of 40 casesby P. Suton, I. Luksic on 02/12/2020 at 12:00 am
We read with great interest the article “Analysis of the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the intraoral minor salivary glands: a retrospective study of 40 cases” by He et al.1, published in your esteemed journal. It offers a great deal of valuable information about this rare tumour with unusual biological behaviour. However, there are two critical points we would like to make.
- The significance of recurrent odontogenic keratocysts in bone graftsby P.J.W. Stoelinga, Y. Slusarenko da Silva on 02/12/2020 at 12:00 am
A comprehensive literature review identified 10 reported cases of recurrent odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) in bone grafts. Seven of them were sufficiently documented for further analysis. All except one of the patients had a long history of repeated recurrences. They were all approached via an extraoral route, avoiding a mucosal perforation, when the bone graft was placed after a segmental resection. In three cases, this was also true for the primary treatment. The origin of the recurrences is considered to be the oral mucosa, almost certainly involving the proliferation of epithelial islands or microcysts that were close to the original OKC.
- En bloc resection and reconstruction in patients with advanced recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma and radiation-induced sarcoma of the head and neckby W.-l. Chen, Y.-M. Liu, B. Zhou, R. Chen, Z.-y. Lin, Z.-q. Huang, Z-x. Huang on 30/11/2020 at 12:00 am
The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of patients with advanced recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (rNPC) and radiation-induced sarcoma of the head and neck (RISHN) who underwent en bloc resection and reconstruction. Fifty-two patients with advanced rNPC (n=36) and RISHN (n=16) underwent en bloc resection and reconstruction with an extended lower vertical trapezius island myocutaneous flap (TIMF). En bloc resection of the tumour (including craniomaxillofacial resections and neck resections) and major defect restoration was successful in all patients.
- Third-generation modular mandible endoprosthesis in Macaca fascicularisby Y. Liu, R. Lim, N. Chanchareonsook, X.F. Walboomers, J.A. Jansen, S.E. Saffari, B.T. Goh on 30/11/2020 at 12:00 am
The aim of this study was to develop a third-generation modular mandible endoprosthesis that would experience less stress concentration at its stems compared to earlier generations, thereby minimizing micromotion and achieving long-term stability. In this three-piece modular design, different degrees of movement were incorporated between the endoprosthesis module interfaces. It was hypothesized that this unique feature would minimize stress concentration at the stems and hence promote osseointegration during the early phase of implantation.
- Using the Patient Concerns Inventory in the identification of fatigue following treatment for head and neck cancerby S.N. Rogers, C.J. Semple, G.M. Humphris, D. Lowe, A. Kanatas on 26/11/2020 at 12:00 am
Fatigue has a profound impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and HRQOL of head and neck cancer patients who raised the issue of fatigue on the Patient Concerns Inventory (PCI) at their review consultation. Eight consultants were randomized to use the PCI as part of a cluster-controlled trial. Patients also completed the University of Washington Quality of Life version 4 (UWQOL), EQ-5D-5L (EuroQol Group), and Distress Thermometer questionnaires.
- Mandibulotomy access to tumour sites: fewer complications for postoperative compared with preoperative radiotherapyby K. Carlwig, P. Fransson, M. Bengtsson, M. Gebre-Medhin, J. Sjövall, L. Greiff on 25/11/2020 at 12:00 am
The purpose of this study was to compare complication rates at the mandibulotomy site between patients receiving preoperative radiotherapy (RT) and those receiving postoperative RT during treatment for oral and oropharyngeal cancer where the surgical procedure required a mandibular osteotomy to gain access to the tumour. Sixty-four consecutive patients treated during the period 2000–2015 were available for analysis. Their medical records were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were followed for at least 1year postoperatively.
- Μενού Περιοδικών
- The New England Journal of Medicine
- Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
- British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (DGMKG)
- Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics
- Oral Oncology
- Clinical Oral Implants Research
- Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery
- Implant Dentistry
- Head & Neck
- American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics