Latest Results for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery The latest content available from Springer
- Avoidance of milk and dairy products after oral surgery—is such a recommendation still valid? A cross-sectional study among German and international oral and maxillofacial surgeons and dental practitioners with review of the literatureon 25/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose For prevention of wound-healing complications, patients in German-speaking countries are traditionally advised to avoid consumption of milk and dairy products after oral surgery. In the absence of national and international guidelines, this study investigates scientific evidence and compares international practice, frequency scale, and rationale behind such recommendation. Methods Comparison of a German cross-sectional mono-center-questionnaire pilot study and a survey among international oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS), specialized oral surgeons and general dentists, evaluating international practice regarding post-operative dietary and nutrition recommendations. Our literature review further assessed scientific evidence for relevant effects of probiotics, prebiotics, and/or synbiotics. Results Among German study participants, 56% (n = 64/114) advise patients to avoid milk and dairy products, with 42% of OMFS (n = 38) and 65% (n = 76) of the general dentists recommending abstention (p = .027). In striking contrast, such recommendation could not be identified in our international survey (n = 143) (t test, p < .001) nor in the literature. There were significant differences between German and international study participants regarding the rationale for dietary recommendations, with dental schools and literature most frequently indicated as sources (Fisher’s exact test, p < .001). Conclusion The hypothesis of a harmful effect of the consumption of milk and dairy products after dentoalveolar surgery could not be supported by evidence. The recommendation to avoid dairy products post-surgery was identified as a specific phenomenon practiced almost exclusively in German-speaking countries. Corresponding recommendations, most probably based on a now irrelevant risk of contracting tuberculosis from milk products, can at present no longer be substantiated.
- Efficacy of Hilotherapy face mask in improving the trend of edema after orthognathic surgery: a 3D analysis of the face using a facial scan app for iPhoneon 21/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose Cryotherapy after orthognathic surgery is essential for the control of facial edema. The aim of our study is to evaluate the efficacy of Hilotherapy face mask in reducing facial edema after orthognathic surgery, studying facial surfaces with an innovative, fast, economical 3D facial scan system based on an iPhone app. Methods Eighty-four patients with Class III were included: 35 patients treated with Hilotherm after orthognathic surgery (Group 1), 32 patients with ice packs (Group 2), 7 patients who refused cryotherapy (not 1 - not Group 2). Their facial scans performed immediately after surgery (T0), at 24 (T1), 48 (T2) and 72 h (T3) after surgery, were acquired in specific software, and the discrepancies between them were studied in an accurate 3D volumetric method. Results We measured a significantly better edema trend in Group 1 in the tragus–nasal wing line and in the tragus–labial commissure line at T1, and also in the tragus–menton line at T2 and T3. Conclusions In conclusion, Hilotherapy represents a more comfortable and more effective cryotherapy system in controlling the trend of facial edema after orthognathic surgery. The method we used for the facial scans is accurate, cheap, smart, and fast. As demonstrated by the 3D volumetric study of the face, the regions of the middle third of the face are those in which the difference is most noticeable.
- The hierarchy of different treatments for myogenous temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized clinical trialson 21/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract The best treatment modality for the management of painful temporomandibular disorders of muscular origin (M-TMD) with predictable outcomes based on solid evidence is still not well defined. Thus, the aim of this network meta-analysis (NMA) was to identify the best treatment for adult patients with M-TMD. An electronic search was undertaken from the inception of each database to August 2018, to identify randomized clinical trials (RCTs), which are comparing two or more of the following treatment modalities in patients with M-TMD: counseling therapy; occlusal appliances; manual therapy; laser therapy; dry needling; intramuscular injection of local anesthesia (LA) or botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A); muscle relaxants; hypnosis/relaxation therapy; oxidative ozone therapy; and placebo or no treatment. Primary outcome variables were the reduction of pain and mechanical sensitivity. The secondary outcome was the maximal mouth opening (MMO). The quality of evidence was rated according to Cochrane’s tool for assessing risk of bias. Standardized mean difference was used to analyze via frequentist network meta-analysis (NMA), using STATA software. 52 RCTs were included in this NMA. At the most follow up moments, manual therapy, counseling therapy, occlusal splints therapy, and needling using BTX-A or LA as well as dry needling significantly decreased post-treatment pain intensity in M-TMDs, when compared to placebo. At short term (≤5 months), the four highest-ranked treatments for post-treatment pain reduction were manual therapy (83.5%, low quality evidence), ozone therapy (75.7%, very low quality evidence),counseling therapy (71.2%, moderate quality), and occlusal appliances (71.7%,moderate quality evidence). When intermediate term (≥6 months)was considered, BTX-A (85.8%, very low quality evidence) , counseling therapy(80%, low quality evidence), occlusal appliances (62.8%, low quality evidence) and hypnosis (50.6%, very low quality evidence) were the four highest-ranked treatments. This NMA reveals that manual therapy can be considered the most effective treatment for M-TMD, followed by counseling treatment, intramuscular injection of LA, and occlusal appliances . However, considering the limitations of the studies included, and the scarce of strong evidence, the present findings should be interpreted cautiously.
- Functional outcome of two different grafting techniques in the surgical management of oral submucous fibrosis: a comparative evaluationon 18/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Objective To evaluate the functional efficacy of two different grafting techniques following the fibrotomy among subjects with oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). Design Forty consecutively treated OSMF subjects between 20 and 40 years who had grades 3 and 4a OSMF and mouth opening < 15 mm were included in the present study. All the subjects were randomly divided into two groups. In Group I, all the subjects received a buccal pad of fat sandwiched with a nasolabial flap following fibrotomy. In contrast, Group II subjects received a buccal pad of fat combined with a collagen graft. The effect of two different surgical protocols on mouth opening was evaluated clinically before the surgery (T0) and 1 month (T1), 6 months (T2), and 12 months (T3) after the surgery. Results In Group I subjects, the mouth opening increased significantly (P < 0.001) from 10.90 ± 1.971 mm at T0 to 34.25 ± 3.127 mm at T1, but reduced marginally to 32.15 ± 3.422 mm at T2, and 31.30 ± 3.358 mm at T3. In Group II, the mouth opening increased significantly (P < 0.001) from 10.85 ± 1.725 mm at T0 to 28.90 ± 3.059 mm, 29.10 ± 2.808 mm, and 28.20 ± 2.285 mm at T1, T2, and T3, respectively. At the end of 12 months of follow-up, the mean value improvement in the mouth opening (T0–T3) was 20.4 ± 3.5 mm and 17.3 ± 2.9 mm in Groups I and II, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P = 0.006). Conclusion The buccal pad of fat sandwiched with a nasolabial flap for the reconstruction following fibrotomy had a slightly better beneficial effect on the postoperative mouth opening among OSMF subjects.
- The surgical-orthodontic management of combined impacted maxillary second and third molarson 08/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Background A correlation between impacted maxillary third molars on the eruption potential of the maxillary second molar has been identified. There is little published evidence available in the literature regarding a treatment modality for this presentation. Aims The aim of this case series is to propose a joint surgical and orthodontic approach for the management of such cases. Method A retrospective search of all patients treated for impacted second and third maxillary molars from 2014 to 2020 revealed 24 cases. Surgical planning was facilitated with the use of a CBCT to help orientate the teeth in 3-D and assess any associated pathology to nearby structures. Twenty-three cases were treated via surgical removal of the impacted third molar and subsequently monitored for spontaneous maxillary second molar eruption. Conclusion All treated cases showed complete or partial spontaneous eruption followed by orthodontic repositioning if required.
- Post-COVID fungal infections of maxillofacial region: a systematic reviewon 07/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract With the advent of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, a wide range of life-threatening maxillofacial fungal coinfections have also been observed in patients. We conducted this systematic review to collate and evaluate the data to enable clinicians to understand the disease pattern and types of mycosis and provide meticulous management of these infections in COVID-19 patients. The review was carried out in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis guidelines. A systematic electronic literature search was conducted on major databases using keywords in combination with Boolean Operators. Manuscripts discussing cases of maxillofacial fungal infections in COVID-19 patients were included. A total of 11 studies were systematically reviewed to assess the fungal coinfections in COVID-19 patients. Twenty-one cases of mucormycosis, 58 of candidiasis, and 1 each of aspergillosis and mixed infection were observed in the region of head and neck. Significant increase in invasive fungal infection is evident in patients suffering from COVID-19 which could be due to immunosuppression and other pre-existing comorbidities. Early diagnosis and intervention like systemic antifungals or surgical debridement is mandatory to reduce morbidity and mortality.
- The effect of lockdown during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on maxillofacial injuries in a level I trauma centre: a comparative studyon 07/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Introduction The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic forced many governments to impose nation-wide lockdowns. Government legislation forced limited travel on the population with restrictions on the normal way of life to limit spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The aim of this study is to explore the effects of lockdown on the presentation of maxillofacial trauma in a level I trauma centre. Methods Comparative analysis was carried out using prospective and retrospective review of all consecutive patients admitted with any maxillofacial fracture in the lockdown period between 15th March and 15th June 2020 with the same period in 2019 to a Regional Trauma Maxillofacial Surgery Unit. Data included basic demographics and mechanism of injury including alcohol/drug influence, polytrauma, site of injury and treatment modality including escalation of care. Results Across both periods, there were a total of one hundred and five (n = 105) recorded episodes of traumatic fractures with fifty-three (n = 53) in the pre-lockdown cohort and fifty-two (n = 52) in the lockdown. Included patients were significantly (p = 0.024) older during lockdown (mean age 41.44 years SD 20.70, range 5–96) with no differences in gender distribution between cohorts (p = 0.270). Patients in lockdown were more likely to be involved in polytrauma (p < 0.05) and have sustained their injury by cycling/running or any outdoor related activity (p = 0.013). Lockdown saw a significant reduction in alcohol and drug related violence (p < 0.05). Significantly more patients required operative management (p = 0.038). Conclusion Local lockdowns form part of the governments public health strategy for managing future outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2. Our study showed no significant reduction in volume of trauma during lockdown. It is vital that hospitals maintain trauma capacity to ensure that patients are treated in a timely manner.
- Effectiveness of bandage in the incidence of major complications on bichectomy: literature review and case series of 643 bichectomieson 05/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Buccal fat pad removal or bichectomy is an esthetic surgical procedure that is gaining notoriety and increasing number worldwide. This paper aims to discuss the effectiveness of bandage in bichectomy postoperative concerning major complications like bleeding and subcutaneous emphysema. This is a retrospective case series according to PROCESS guidelines of 643 bichectomy surgeries performed by two different surgeons with the same technique from January 2018 until December 2020. Effectiveness of bandage is evaluated in complications rate decrease with statistical tests (p < 0.05). A literature review was performed to sediment knowledge about this theme. Female patients search for buccal fat pad removal more for esthetic reasons and male patients for functional purposes. Bichectomy has a low incidence of major complications, and this incidence decreases more with a bandage use (95%CI). Bandages are effective in the decrease of major complications related to bichectomy.
- An evaluation of the clinical utility of C-reactive protein and antibiotic use in patients undergoing major head and neck reconstructive surgery with outcome assessmenton 02/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose This ambispective observational study aims to evaluate the local utility of peri-operative CRP testing and prophylactic antibiotics in relation to post-operative complications in patients who have undergone major head and neck oncological reconstructive surgery. Results A total of 79 patients were identified for inclusion; CRP testing was undertaken within the first 3 days postoperatively in 78/79 cases. Results demonstrated no benefit of extended prophylactic antibiotic use in reducing post-operative infection. Forty-two post-operative complications arose. In the prospective arm, CRP did not influence the decision to commence antibiotic therapy for any of the surgical site infections. Age, diabetes, smoking, or high body mass index (BMI) did not appear to affect the incidence of postoperative infection (p > 0.05). There is no evidence that more than 24 h of antibiotic prophylaxis is indicated for patients undergoing head and neck reconstructive surgery. Conclusion Everyone who is involved in peri-operative patient care should be educated regarding the appropriate use of CRP testing, with the implementation of protocols required to standardize CRP testing and prophylactic antibiotic prescription.
- Treatment of tophaceous pseudogout in the temporomandibular joint with resection and alloplastic reconstruction: a single-staged approachon 01/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Tophaceous pseudogout is a rare variant of the calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) disorder, with predilection for the TMJ. It is characterized by calcific deposits composed of rhomboid- or rectangular-shaped crystals that exhibit birefringence when examined under polarized light. We hereby present a case of a 65-year-old man with left pre-auricular tenderness and malocclusion. CT imaging was notable for a left TMJ mineralized mass with erosion of the condylar head. Treatment involved excision of the mass with eminectomy, condylectomy, and a stock total TMJ reconstruction. In this report, important considerations for diagnosis, biopsy, and surgical treatment with emphasis on reconstruction for tophaceous pseudogout of the TMJ have been highlighted by the authors.
- Displacement of lower third molar into floor of mouth: a single institutional experienceon 01/10/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose The displacement of the tooth/tooth fragment into the floor of mouth sometimes happens during the lower third molar surgery and the patients are usually referred to oral and maxillofacial surgeons. To date, however, there is no consensus how to manage the displaced tooth due to the lack of available data. Methods In this study, we have retrospectively analyzed the management of the displaced lower third molar into the floor of mouth. Our institute experienced seven cases during 2010 to 2020. Results Incidence rate of the lingual nerve injury caused by displacement of the lower third molar was 1/7. Six patients out of seven underwent surgical removal of the displaced fragment. The direct approach was used when the fragment was palpable superficially and the fragment was horizontally located away from the lingual plate (2 cases), while when the fragment was not palpable, or was palpable and adjacent to the lingual plate, the lingual mucoperiosteal flap was selected (4 cases). Conclusion We conclude that the palpation and preoperative diagnosis with computed tomographic images are significantly important to decide a better and most effective surgical approach.
- Rare clear cell odontogenic carcinoma associated with impacted tooth in a young patient: case report and literature reviewon 20/09/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Clear cell odontogenic carcinoma (CCOC) is a rare malignant odontogenic tumor. It is characterized by showing, on histopathological examination, clusters of vacuolated and clear tumor cells with epithelial differentiation surrounded by fibrocollagenous stroma and fibroblasts. The present study presents a rare clinical case of mandibular CCOC associated with an impacted tooth in a 26-year-old woman surgically treated with mandibulectomy and reconstruction with iliac crest bone graft. The patient has been followed up for 22 months without signs of recurrence. A search for case report/case series was carried out in the PUBMED database, as well as in the references of relevant previously published literature reviews. Ninety-six publications were identified, totaling 136 distinct cases reported. Female sex was the most affected (63.1%) with 63.3% of cases occurring in patients in the fifth, sixth, or seventh decades of life. The mandible was more affected than the maxilla (74.2%). Association of CCOC with impacted teeth was found in 2.4% of cases, thus rendering it a rare occurrence. The present case report corroborates the results of the survey regarding sex and anatomical location of the tumor; however, it contradicts the findings regarding age predilection. The case described is the fourth known occurrence of tooth impaction associated with the tumor and the first in a female. In conclusion, CCOC should be considered, as well as other malignancies, as a possible diagnosis of maxillary or mandibular intraosseous lesions even in unusual circumstances such as in association with impacted teeth and in young patients.
- Attitudes regarding zygomatic implant surgical and prosthodontic techniques—a cohort questionnaire studyon 20/09/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Background Zygomatic implant (ZI) surgery and restoration is a complex procedure, requiring experienced clinicians to execute with success. This study assessed the opinion and clinical experiences of a cohort of practitioners involved in provision of zygomatic implant treatment on aspects of the surgical and prosthodontic procedures. Method A survey was distributed among all 176 delegates attending ‘Zygomatic 2019’ International Conference in the UK, and all delegates completed the survey. Results The respondents were clinicians from both prosthodontic and surgical specialties, with a range of experience. Strong agreements were found regarding the use of specific implant designs dependent on the anatomical situation, and that fixed restorations should be used where possible. There was limited agreement between respondents regarding surgical approaches to ZI treatment. Conclusion The limited agreement found between respondents highlights the varied and conflicting literature available on ZI surgery. High-quality research is required to inform clinicians and assist education.
- Microcomputed tomographic analysis of bone microarchitecture after sinus augmentation with hyaluronic matrix: a case–control studyon 18/09/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Background The aim of this study was to analyze trabecular microarchitecture of augmented sinuses with hyaluronic matrix and xenograft by microcomputed tomography, and to investigate whether hyaluronic matrix has an effect on the newly formed bone quality. Materials and methods Thirteen patients undergoing maxillary sinus augmentation were included in this split-mouth study. Right and left sinus sites were randomly assigned to test and control group. In test group, the sinus was grafted with hyaluronic matrix and xenograft; in control group, only with xenograft. Four months after augmentation, bone samples were harvested during implant placement and analyzed for the following trabecular microarchitecture parameters using microcomputed tomography: bone volume (BV), total volume (TV), bone volume fraction (BV/TV), bone surface (BS), specific bone surface (BS/BV), bone surface density (BS/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular separation (Tb.Sp), trabecular pattern factor (Tb.Pf), and fractal dimension (FD). Results There was statistically significant difference only for BS/TV parameter between two groups. BS/TV was higher in hyaluronic matrix group compared with control group. Conclusions Addition of hyaluronic matrix to xenograft may enhance bone quality in terms of bone surface density. However, more research investigating the microstructural variation of augmented sinuses is needed with a greater sample.
- Be careful where you aim: craniomaxillofacial trauma from the utility of metal hammerson 15/09/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose A hammer is a popular tool among the “do it yourself” (DIY) population who pursue home-improvement projects. While we are aware that hammers have health hazards, no study has yet to explore the craniomaxillofacial injuries that could arise from the use of hammers. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of craniomaxillofacial injuries from hammers. Materials and methods This is a 20-year cross-sectional study conducted using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). Injuries from hammers were included in this study if they involved the head, face, eyeball, mouth, or ear. The study predictor was the mechanism of injury. The study outcome was the admission rate from the emergency department (ED) and anatomical site injured. Patient and injury characteristics were compared using chi-squared and independent sample tests. Results Our final sample had a total of 2967 hammer-induced injuries. Most of the sample consisted of white (55.3%) males (80.2%). Summer was the most injury-congested season (30.1%). The majority of the patients were over the age of 18 (65.6%). Laceration (47.3%) was the most common primary diagnosis, followed by contusion/abrasion (21.9%). The head (42.9%) was the most commonly injured craniomaxillofacial region followed by the face (29.0%). Craniomaxillofacial injury most frequently transpired at the patient’s home (63.6%). Concerning the mechanism of injury, accidentally self-induced injuries with a hammer were the most common (32.4%). Patients who were injured from the debris were more likely (P < 0.01) to be admitted (7.6%) relative to patients who were not (2.5%). The head was most likely to get injured from a falling hammer (P < 0.01). The face was most likely to get injured through accidental self-injury (P < 0.01). The eyeball was most likely to get injured from debris (P < 0.01). The mouth was, similar to the face, most likely to get injured through accidental self-injury (P < 0.01). Conclusions Craniomaxillofacial injuries secondary to hammers illustrated a predilection to the head. Hammer falling from a height was most likely to injure the head. Debris from hammer strikes was the most dangerous mechanism of injury and was most likely to injure the eyeball. Hence, the authors urge the use of protective gear for the head (i.e., helmet) and eyeball (i.e., glasses) when handling hammers for constructive purposes.
- Treatment costs of mandibular fractures in a Nigerian hospitalon 14/09/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose To determine the cost of surgically treated mandibular fractures, methods of payments, and the relationship between socioeconomic status of subjects and payment methods in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. Methods A retrospective review of 100 subjects who sustained 148 isolated mandibular fractures was conducted between November 2014 and October 2019. Demographics, socioeconomic status, mechanism of injury, fracture sites, type of treatment, and cost of treatment with methods of payments were obtained from medical records and hospital billing sheets of eligible subjects. The relationship between independent variables (age, sex, payment method, and treatment methods) and dependent variable (income class) was analyzed. Results The mean age of the subjects was 31.8 ± 10.9 years; age range 17–63 years. The majority (75/100) belonged to the middle-income class. The costs of mandibular fractures repairs were ₦42,900 ($119.17) and ₦132,500 ($386.05) for closed reduction (CRMMF) and open reduction and rigid internal fixation (ORIF) respectively. All subjects in the low-income class (4/100) paid out of pocket for their treatment compared with 93% and 62% of the middle- and high-income classes respectively (p = 0.001). Half of the subjects in the low-income class had ORIF compared with 31% and 62% of the middle- and high-income classes respectively. Conclusions The treatments costs of mandibular fractures were ₦42,900 ($119.17) and ₦132,500 ($386.05) for CRMMF and ORIF respectively. The treatment costs were mostly out-of-pocket expenditure meaning that the subjects in the low-and middle-income classes bore the financial burden of their injuries.
- The neurosensory deficit of inferior alveolar nerve following bilateral sagittal split osteotomy: a prospective studyon 12/09/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Objectives Investigation in Saudi Arabia or the Arab Gulf States to assess the unfavorable impacts of the bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) is non-existent, so questions have been raised about the success rate of this operation and the frequency of unwilling outcome. To address these worries, we directed a case series study to evaluate the hypoesthesia, a type of neurosensory deficit (NSD) of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) after BSSO, and if the hypoesthesia outcome will improve if the surgeries performed by a single surgeon. Patients and methods This was a prospective case series study for the patient who underwent BSSO in a medical complex that is considered one of the largest in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh). The inclusion criteria include patient aged 18–40 years, any gender, and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I. They will undergo BSSO for either mandibular, retrognathia, prognathic, or to follow the maxilla. The outcome will be measured after evaluating the neurosensory by four means light touch (LT), pinprick (PP), 2-point discrimination (2PD), and thermal sensations (TT) in four repeated measurements (preoperatively, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months postoperatively) as the primary outcome. Other confounding factors were the secondary outcome (age, gender, visualization of the I.A.N, the type of mandibular movement, split favorability, mandibular canal location, and patient reports about paresthesia or dysesthesia on any given side); these data analyses were carried out using SPSS ver. 25 data processing software. Results The nerve was visible in 93% of cases. During the operation, none of the nerves was transected. Hypoesthesia on the first follow-up was 94% of cases for LT, 92% for PP, 82% for TT, and 100% for the 2PD. On the last follow-up, the patients still had hypoesthesia for the LT 51%, PP 35%, TT41%, and 2PD 55%; age and sex did not significantly affect hypoesthesia outcomes. Nerve visibility and inferior alveolar nerve canal (IAC) distance did not influence the results. The level of confidence for all tests was set at p < 0.05. Conclusions The 2PD sensation was the most affected sense on the last visit, and the right side of the chin and lower lip was affected most both on early and long-term follow-up due to several reasons. A 3-month period was enough as a recovery time to restore 100% of neurological sensation for 45% of the sample, which is similar to several studies in the literature. A single surgeon did not show superior result compared to two surgeons’ literature papers. Advancement movement was associated with a high percentage of hypoesthesia.
- Craniomaxillofacial injuries from the sport of wrestling: a query of the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS)on 10/09/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study was to provide a novel report on the head and neck injuries from the sport of wrestling and their characteristics in the USA. Materials and methods This is a 20-year retrospective cross-sectional study conducted using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). Reports were included in the analysis if the injury stemmed from combat with another person. The predictor variables were obtained from both patient and injury characteristics. The principal outcome variable was admission rate, which was used to proxy the severity of the injury at hand. Bivariate analysis (i.e., chi-square and independent sample tests) was used to determine if an association existed between two variables of interest. Results The final sample in our study consisted of 4485 cases of craniomaxillofacial injuries secondary to wrestling. The increase in injuries from the year 2000 to 2019 was significant (P < 0.05). The average age of patients was 15.73 (range: 3 to 59 years old). Virtually all of the injuries occurred in males (95.6%). The majority of patients was under the age of 18 (82.3%). With regard to race, white wrestlers (57.1%) comprised the majority of patients. Insight into race was not available for 1245 patients (27.8%). Most wrestling-related injuries took place during the winter season (60.6%). Concussion was the most common primary diagnosis (29.0%). The head (57.1%) was the most commonly injured craniomaxillofacial region. The most common setting in which the injury took place was a place of recreation/sports (49.9%). Among the mechanisms of injuries, the take-down (26.5%) was the most common. Patients who were thrown/taken down (5.04%) were significantly more likely to get admitted (P < 0.01) relative to patients who were injured otherwise (2.6%). Similarly, patients who fell/tripped (6.6%) were significantly more likely to get admitted (P < 0.05) relative to patients who were injured otherwise (3.1%). While cases of concussion (6.0%) were significantly more likely to get admitted (P < 0.01) relative to other cases, cases of contusions/abrasions (0.6%) were significantly less likely to get admitted (P < 0.01) relative to other cases. Similar to contusions/abrasions (0.2%), lacerations were significantly less likely to get admitted (P < 0.01) relative to other cases. Patients aged 12–18 (P < 0.01) were most likely to suffer concussions, whereas patients aged 19–34 (P < 0.01) were least likely to suffer concussions. In contrast to concussions, patients aged 12–18 (P < 0.01) were least likely to suffer lacerations, whereas patients aged 19–34 (P < 0.01) were most likely to suffer lacerations. Patients aged 6–11 (P < 0.01) were most likely to be thrown/taken-down whereas patients aged 19–34 (P < 0.01) were least likely to be thrown. Patients aged 19–34 (P < 0.01) were most likely to be collided against intentionally, while patients aged 6–11 (P < 0.01) were least likely to be collided against intentionally. Patients aged 34 years or older were most likely to fall/trip, while patients aged 12–18 (P < 0.01) were least likely to fall/trip. Conclusions Certain types of injuries that occur during wrestling are more or less common depending on the age groups involved in the sport. Concussions were the most common injury incurred overall, and the head is the most commonly affected craniomaxillofacial area. Take-downs were the most likely mechanism of injury to lead to hospital admissions. The average number of wrestling injuries increased over 20 years being analyzed in this study. Future studies should investigate methods to lessen concussions in wrestling, decrease the number of illegal moves performed, and look into ways to mitigate harm from take-downs, given the increasing number of injuries acquired from this sport.
- Quality of life following maxillofacial trauma in the elderly: a multicenter, prospective studyon 09/09/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract Background/aims When facial trauma involves elderly patients, the possible presence of frailty and comorbidities in victims of trauma may worsen the posttraumatic symptoms and decrease quality of life. The aim of this multicenter study was to assess the quality of life following surgical or non-operative management of maxillofacial trauma in elderly patients. Materials and methods This cohort study was based on the administration of validated self-administered questionnaires to all the geriatric patients (70 years or more) with facial fractures from the involved maxillofacial surgical units across Europe, since 1st January 2019 to 31st June 2019. The following questionnaires were administered: SF36 questionnaire; the VFQ-25 questionnaire; the Oral Health Impact Profile – 14 (OHIP14). Outcome variables were VFQ-25 and OHIP-14 results. Results A total of 37 patients (14 male and 23 female patients) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Elderly patients had an improvement in almost all the categories examined by the SF-36 questionnaire 6 months after trauma, with the only exception of a worsening as for role limitations due to physical health. An improvement was observed in almost all the categories at SF-36 test. A worsening of scores of OHIP-14 for all the considered dimensions in the whole study population was observed too. Conclusions Elderly patients following facial trauma experience significant emotional, social, and functional disturbances. We observed that emotional problems, energy/fatigue, social functioning, and generally social limitations played a great role in the decrease of QoL in elderly patients following maxillofacial trauma.
- Top 100 cited systematic reviews and meta-analyses in the major journals of oral and maxillofacial surgery: a bibliometric analysison 07/09/2021 at 12:00 am
Abstract The aim of this bibliometric research was to identify and analyze the top 100 cited systematic reviews in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery in order to guide any professional level with interest in this topic and to map the current trends the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Using the Web of Science database without restrictions on publication year or language, a bibliometric analysis was performed for the five major journals of oral and maxillofacial surgery: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (IJOMS), Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (JOMS), Journal of Cranio-maxillofacial Surgery (JCMS), British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery (BJOMS), and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology (Triple-O). The most top-cited systematic review was published in 2015 with a total of 200 citations on survival and success rates of dental implants, consistent with the finding that “pre- and peri-implant surgery and dental implantology,” and “craniomaxillofacial deformities and cosmetic surgery” were the most frequently cited topics (22% each). The majority of top cited papers were published in IJOMS (43%), followed by JOMS (34%), Triple-O (8%), JCMS(8%) and BJOMS(7%). The highest number of contributions was from the Netherlands, followed by Italy and USA. The outcome of this article can be used as a source of information and to guide not just researchers but also clinicians and students to which areas are trending in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, thus also having a large impact on the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. However, this article cannot reflect the quality of the included systematic reviews.
- Μενού Περιοδικών
- The New England Journal of Medicine
- Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
- British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (DGMKG)
- Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics
- Oral Oncology
- Clinical Oral Implants Research
- Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery
- Implant Dentistry
- Head & Neck
- American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics